The four characters in the traditional Chinese writing form at the top stand for "Xiamen University" and at the bottom are the words of "Xiamen University" in Latin; the three stars inside the shield represent the "three powers" in the theory of traditional Chinese philosophy, namely the so-called three major elements in nature: spirit, universe and human beings; the city wall and gate in the center  of  the  shield  symbolize  that  XMU  attaches  great importance to attracting top talents from all over the world and implementing open education; the four Chinese characters in the ribbon mean "striving for perfection", which is the original motto of XMU.